His will was probated on the 20th of November, 1819. His wife was not named, but the names of his children were given as Phebe, James, Elizabeth, Catherine, Abraham, Urania, Cornelius, Anthony, Mary, Charity, John, and Henry. The executors for the will were Henry Wells, Esq., and son in law, Isaac Beidleman.
His father was Cornelius Middaugh and his mother, Elizabeth Van Benschoten, both of Holland Dutch ancestry whose roots were in the Dutch Colony in Ulster Co., New York. William Henry Van Benschoten in his book about the Van Benschoten family in 1907 sites that our Elias Middagh married Sarah Van Aken. The baptisms of three of their children appear in the church record at Mahackemack, now Port Jervis, New York. One being Elizabeth who was christened on October 29, 1780. Elias Middaugh's name appears in the 1772 and 1778 Tax & Exoneration lists in Smithfield Township, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania. It was during this time that Elias Middaugh provided service in the American Revolution. The DAR list him as Ancestor #: A202512 and show his record in 1778 as a private 4th class of the 1st Company under Captain Anthony Shymer in the 6th Battalion of the Northampton Co. Militia commanded by Col. Jacob Stroud. Military records also are found for 1777 and 1781 with the Northampton Co. Militia.
He is still in Upper Smithfield Twp when he is enumerated in the 1790 Census, sometime after which he moved on to Newtown, now Elmira, N.Y. With the end of the Revolutionary War, soldiers began to move westward into territory that was still pretty rugged and on the edge of the frontier.
Van Benschoten provides this very interesting account of Elias' half brother, John Van Auken. "In 1796 John, following the lead two years earlier of his brother in-law, Ludowick Van Demark, emigrated to Phelps, N.Y., brave Margaret carrying in her arms a son three months old. The hardships of the journey were great, what with three small children, household goods and cattle and the wild state of the country traversed. They made the journey with a covered lumber wagon and two yoke of oxen. Four cows and ten head of sheep journeyed with them driven by one Richard Quick. As they neared the Susquehanna and were passing over a ledge of rocks they broke an axle-tree and this had to be replaced. The fording of the streams added greatly to their difficulties, in particular the passing of the Chenango river. After grievous trouble they made the crossing of that water and came to Newtown (Elmira) where Gen. Sullivan had fought one of his battles with the Six Nations. Here Elias Middagh, a half-brother of John, had settled. With him they rested a few days and then took up the struggle through the wilds again; indeed, wilderness trials beset them until the head of Seneca Lake was reached."
From this account we know that Elias was in the Elmira, New York area before 1796. I can only imagine that Elias and his family had just as arduous a trip traveling from Upper Smithfield Township in Northampton County, Pennsylvania to Chemung Township in Tioga County, New York as did his brother John. Elias Middaugh appears on the 1799 Tax Assessment, Town of Chemung, Tioga County, New York; House & Farm, 626.85, 154.00, 0.78. The 1800 Census for Chemung Twp, Tioga County, New York shows us the growth of his family whereby there are listed 2 males 0-9, 3 males 10-15, 1 male 16-25, 1 male 45 or older and 3 females 0-9, 1 female 10-15, 1 female 16-25 and 1 female 26-44 in his household. The 1810 Census Chemung Twp, Tioga County, New York shows 1 male 10-15, 3 males 16025, 1 male over 45, 1 female 10/15, 1 female 16-25, 1 female over 45.
And now the family connection. Remember Orrseltie Ursula Dircks Hendricksen Jacobs Westbrook? She was the mother of Johannes Westbrook (1662-1725) who married Maddelen Decker (1666-1727). They were the parents of Sarah Westbrook (1694-1766) who married Cornelis Van Aken (1690-1743), who had a son Abraham (born 1720), who married Catrina Rosenkrans (born 1728). Their daughter is the Sarah Van Aken (1757-1819) who married Elias Middaugh (1756-1819). And their daughter, Elizabeth Middaugh (1780-1848), married Henry Van Wey (1776-1836) in Tioga Co. Pennsylvania. Henry's daughter, Harriet Van Wey, my great, great grandmother, married Frederick Hughes.
Abstracts of Wills for residents who resided in that portion of Tioga County, New York that became Chemung County located at http://www.rootsweb.com/~srgp/document/tiogany.htm.
"Van Bunschoten or Van Benschoten Family in America" by William Henry Van Benschoten published 1907, located online, July 23, 2003 at http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/county/orange/vb/id51.htm.
Pennsylvania Archives, Series 5, Volume 8, pages 410, 426, 427, 428. Available on line.
Daughters of the American Revolution, http://www.dar.org/
Find A Grave Memorial # 77803677, Elias Middaugh, online.
Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission; Records of the Office of the Comptroller General, RG-4; Tax & Exoneration Lists, 1762-1794; Microfilm Roll: 331. Ancestry.com.
Family records of Cynthia Hughes Smith.
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